Some lessons from the use of the RAINS model in international negotiations

Amann, M. ORCID: (2007). Some lessons from the use of the RAINS model in international negotiations. In: Diplomacy Games: Formal Models and International Negotiations. Eds. Avenhaus, R. & Zartman, I.W., pp. 197-210 Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer. 10.1007/978-3-540-68304-9_10.

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The Regional Air Pollution INformation and Simulation (RAINS) model provides a consistent framework for the analysis of strategies to reduce emissions of air pollutants focusing on acidification, eutrophication, and ground-level ozone [9]. The RAINS model combines information on the anthropogenic driving forces of emissions (with databases on current and future economic activities, energy consumption levels, etc.) on the sources of emissions, on emission control options and costs, on the atmospheric dispersion of pollutants, and on environmental sensitivities (i.e., databases on critical loads). In order to create a consistent and comprehensive picture of the options for simultaneously addressing the three environmental problems, the model considers emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ammonia (NH3), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A schematic diagram of the RAINS model is displayed in Figure 1.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Bibliographic Reference: In: R. Avenhaus, I.W. Zartman (Eds); Diplomacy Games: Formal Models and International Negotiations; Springer Berlin Heidelberg pp.197-210
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Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:19

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