Small hydro power projects under clean development mechanism in India: A preliminary assessment

Purohit, P. ORCID: (2008). Small hydro power projects under clean development mechanism in India: A preliminary assessment. Energy Policy 36 (6) 2000-2015. 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.02.008.

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The clean development mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol provides Annex-I countries with an incentive to invest in emission reduction projects in non-Annex-I countries to achieve a reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at lowest cost that also promotes sustainable development in the host country. Small hydro power (SHP) projects could be of interest under the CDM because they directly displace greenhouse gas emissions while contributing to sustainable rural development, if developed correctly. An attempt has been made to estimate the CDM potential of SHP projects in India. The preliminary estimates indicate that, there is a vast theoretical potential of CO2 mitigation by the use of SHP projects in India. On the basis of available literature, the gross potential of SHP projects is more than 15 GW. The annual CER potential of technically feasible SHP projects in India could theoretically reach 24 million tons. Under more realistic assumptions about diffusion of SHP projects based on past experiences with the government-run programmes, annual CER volumes by 2012 could reach 7-20 and 13-24 million by 2020. CDM could help to achieve the maximum utilization potential of SHP projects more rapidly as compared with the current diffusion trend if supportive policies are introduced.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clean development mechanism; Small hydro power; CO2 emissions
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Bibliographic Reference: Energy Policy; 36(6):2000-2015 [2008]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:41
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:20

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