Ecological complexity

Casti, J.L. & Fath, B.D. ORCID: (2008). Ecological complexity. In: Encyclopedia of Ecology. Eds. Jorgensen, S.E. & Fath, B.D. ORCID:, Amsterdam: Elsevier. 10.1016/B978-008045405-4.00150-6.

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Ecological complexity is the study of ecological phenomena using complex systems, and science perspectives and methodologies. Complex systems display common features such as surprising behavior, many feedback and feedforward loops, decentralized control, and irreducibility, which lead to emergent properties. As a result, it is necessary to study these systems at multiple hierarchical levels. Computer-generated worlds are one way to investigate whole complex systems in a manner not previously available. Ecological systems are complex systems as they are composed of many interacting and adaptive parts operating at many scales of resolution. Better management of ecological resources warrants a better understanding of complex systems.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptive; Ecological complexity; Emergence; Hierarchy; Nonlinear; Self-organization; Surprise
Research Programs: Dynamic Systems (DYN)
Bibliographic Reference: In: S.E. Jorgensen, B.D. Fath (eds); Encyclopedia of Ecology; Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands pp.991-999
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:41
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:20

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