Satellite-based terrestrial production efficiency modeling

McCallum, I. ORCID:, Wagner, W., Schmullius, C., Shvidenko, A., Obersteiner, M. ORCID:, Fritz, S. ORCID:, & Nilsson, S. (2009). Satellite-based terrestrial production efficiency modeling. Carbon Balance and Management 1-14. 10.1186/1750-0680-4-8.

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Production efficiency models (PEMs) are based on the theory of light use efficiency (LUE) which states that a relatively constant relationship exists between photosynthetic carbon uptake and radiation receipt at the canopy level. Challenges remain however in the application of the PEM methodology to global net primary productivity (NPP) monitoring. The objectives of this review are as follows: (1) to describe the general functioning of six PEMs (CASA; GLO-PEM; TURC; C-Fix; MOD17; and BEAMS) identified in the literature; (2) to review each model to determine potential improvements to the general PEM methodology; (3) to review the related literature on satellite-based gross primary productivity (GPP) and NPP modeling for additional possibilities for improvement; and (4) based on this review, propose items for coordinated research.

This review noted a number of possibilities for improvement to the general PEM architecture -- ranging from LUE to meteorological and satellite-based inputs. Current PEMs tend to treat the globe similarly in terms of physiological and meteorological factors, often ignoring unique regional aspects. Each of the existing PEMs has developed unique methods to estimate NPP and the combination of the most successful of these could lead to improvements. It may be beneficial to develop regional PEMs that can be combined under a global framework. The results of this review suggest the creation of a hybrid PEM could bring about a significant enhancement to the PEM methodology and thus terrestrial carbon flux modeling.

Key items topping the PEM research agenda identified in this review include the following: LUE should not be assumed constant, but should vary by plant functional type (PFT) or photosynthetic pathway; evidence is mounting that PEMs should consider incorporating diffuse radiation; continue to pursue relationships between satellite-derived variables and LUE, GPP and autotrophic respiration (Ra); there is an urgent need for satellite-based biomass measurements to improve Ra estimation; and satellite-based soil moisture data could improve determination of soil water stress.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Carbon Balance and Management; 4:8 (18 September 2009)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:41
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2022 05:00

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