Demography, Education and Democracy: Global Trends and the Case of Iran

Lutz, W. ORCID:, Crespo Cuaresma, J., & Abbasi-Shavazi, M.J. (2009). Demography, Education and Democracy: Global Trends and the Case of Iran. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-019

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This paper utilizes new reconstructions and projections of populations by age, sex and four levels of educational attainment for 120 countries since 1970 for a reassessment of the global relationship between improvements in human capital and democracy as measured by the Freedom House indicator of political rights. Similar to an earlier study on the effects of improving educational attainment on economic growth, the greater age detail of this new dataset can resolve earlier ambiguities about the effect of improving education as assessed on the basis of a global set of national time series. The results show consistently strong positive effects of improving overall levels of educational attainment, of a narrowing gender gap in education, and of fertility declines on improvements in the democracy indicator. This global relationship is then applied to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Over the past two decades Iran has experienced the world's most rapid fertility decline associated with massive increases in female education. The results show that based on the experience of 120 countries since 1970, Iran has a high chance of significant improvement towards more democracy over the coming years.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:43
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2023 05:00

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