Global human capital: Integrating education and population

Lutz, W. ORCID: & K.C., S. (2011). Global human capital: Integrating education and population. Science 333 (6042) 587-592. 10.1126/science.1206964.

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Project: Forecasting Societies Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change (FUTURESOC, FP7 230195)


Almost universally, women with higher levels of education have fewer children. Better education is associated with lower mortality, better health, and different migration patterns. Hence, the global population outlook depends greatly on further progress in education, particularly of young women. By 2050, the highest and lowest education scenarios - assuming identical education-specific fertility rates - result in world population sizes of 8.9 and 10.0 billion, respectively. Better education also matters for human development, including health, economic growth, and democracy. Existing methods of multi-state demography can quantitatively integrate education into standard demographic analysis, thus adding the "quality" dimension.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: Science; 333(6042):587-592 (29 July 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2023 05:00

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