Reconsidering the consequences of selective fisheries

Garcia SM, Kolding J, Rice J, Rochet M-J, Zhou S, Arimoto T, Beyer JE, Borges L, et al. (2012). Reconsidering the consequences of selective fisheries. Science 335 (6072): 1045-1047. DOI:10.1126/science.1214594.

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Abstract

Concern about the impact of fishing on ecosystems and fisheries production is increasing. Strategies to reduce these impacts while addressing the growing need for food security include increasing selectivity: capturing species, sexes, and sizes in proportions that differ from their occurrence in the ecosystem. Increasing evidence suggests that more selective fishing neither maximizes production nor minimizes impacts. Balanced harvesting would more effectively mitigate adverse ecological effects of fishing while supporting sustainable fisheries. This strategy, which challenges present management paradigms, distributes a moderate mortality from fishing across the widest possible range of species, stocks, and sizes in an ecosystem in proportion to their natural productivity, so that the relative size and species composition is maintained.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Bibliographic Reference: Science; 335(6072):1045-1047 (2 March 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 09:19
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10008

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