Synergies in the Asian energy system: Climate change, energy security, energy access and air pollution

van Vliet O, Krey V, McCollum DL, Pachauri S, Nagai Y, Rao S, & Riahi K (2012). Synergies in the Asian energy system: Climate change, energy security, energy access and air pollution. Energy Economics 34 (3): S470-S480. DOI:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.02.001.

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Abstract

We use the MESSAGE model to examine multiple dimensions of sustainable development for three Asian regions in a set of scenarios developed for the Asian Modelling Exercise. Using climate change mitigation as a starting point for the analysis, we focus on the interaction of climate and energy with technology choice, energy security, energy access, and air pollution, which often have higher policy priority than climate change.

Stringent climate policies drive the future energy supply in Asia from being dominated by coal and oil to a more diversified system based mostly on natural gas, coal with CCS, nuclear and renewable energy. The increase in diversity helps to improve the energy security of individual countries and regions. Combining air pollution control policies and universal energy access policies with climate policy can further help to reduce both outdoor and indoor air pollution related health impacts.

Investments into the energy system must double by 2030 to achieve stringent climate goals, but are largely offset by lower costs for O&M and air pollution abatement. Strong focus on end-use efficiency also helps lowering overall total costs and allows for limiting or excluding supply side technologies from the mitigation portfolio. Costs of additional energy access policies and measures are a small fraction of total energy system costs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AME; Asia; Sustainable development synergies; Climate change mitigation; Energy system; MESSAGE
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Transitions to New Technologies (TNT)
Bibliographic Reference: Energy Economics; 34(Suppl.3):S470-S480 (December 2012) (Published online 14 February 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2016 13:16
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10018

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