Effects of educational attainment on climate risk vulnerability

Striessnig E, Lutz W, & Patt A (2013). Effects of educational attainment on climate risk vulnerability. Ecology and Society 18 (1): p. 16. DOI:10.5751/ES-05252-180116.

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Abstract

In the context of still uncertain specific effects of climate change in specific locations, this paper examines whether education significantly increases coping capacity with regard to particular climatic changes, and whether it improves the resilience of people to climate risks in general. Our hypothesis is that investment in universal primary and secondary education around the world is the most effective strategy for preparing to cope with the still uncertain dangers associated with future climate. The empirical evidence presented for a cross-country time series of factors associated with past natural disaster fatalities since 1980 in 125 countries confirms this overriding importance of education in reducing impacts. We also present new projections of populations by age, sex, and level of educational attainment to 2050, thus providing an appropriate tool for anticipating societies' future adaptive capacities based on alternative education scenarios associated with different policies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Education; Natural disasters; Vulnerability
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Risk, Policy and Vulnerability (RPV)
Bibliographic Reference: Ecology and Society; 18(1):16 (March 2013)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:49
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2016 15:05
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10494

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