Woody biomass energy potential in 2050

Lauri P, Havlik P, Kindermann G, Forsell N, Bottcher H, & Obersteiner M (2014). Woody biomass energy potential in 2050. Energy Policy 66: 19-31. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.033.

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Abstract

From a biophysical perspective, woody biomass resources are large enough to cover a substantial share of the world's primary energy consumption in 2050. However, these resources have alternative uses and their accessibility is limited, which tends to decrease their competitiveness with respect to other forms of energy. Hence, the key question of woody biomass use for energy is not the amount of resources, but rather their price. In this study we consider the question from the perspective of energy wood supply curves, which display the available amount of woody biomass for large-scale energy production at various hypothetical energy wood prices. These curves are estimated by the Global Biosphere Management Model (GLOBIOM), which is a global partial equilibrium model of forest and agricultural sectors. The global energy wood supply is estimated to be 0.23 Gm3/year (0.165 EJ/year) when energy wood prices vary in a range of 0.30$/GJ (0.216$/m3). If we add household fuelwood to energy wood, then woody biomass could satisfy 2.18% of world primary energy consumption in 2050. If primary forests are excluded from wood supply then the potential decreases up to 25%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Woody biomass; Energy; Partial equilibrium; Land use
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Bibliographic Reference: Energy Policy; 66:19-31 (March 2014) (Published online 12 December 2013)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:51
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2016 11:34
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11030

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