Modelling PM2.5 impact indicators in Europe: Health effects and legal compliance

Kiesewetter G, Schöpp W, Heyes C, & Amann M (2015). Modelling PM2.5 impact indicators in Europe: Health effects and legal compliance. Environmental Modelling & Software 74: 201-211. DOI:10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.02.022.

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Abstract

Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been shown to have significant negative impcts on human health. It is estimated that current levels of air pollution shorten the statistical life expectancy of European citizens byseveral months. The GAINS integrated assessment model calculates shortening of life expectancy from population exposure to PM2.5 using epiemiologically-derived health impact functions. In addition, GAINS estimates PM2.5 concentrations at 1875 air quality monitoring sations located in diverse environments ranging from remote background locations to busy street canyons. In this article, differnt approaches to dealing with the PM2.5 pollution problem are compared. We assess for the present and future the attainment of EU and WHO ai quality standards for PM2.5 and estimate the loss of life expectancy under different policy scenarios developed for the onging revision of the EU Air Quality Legislation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: integrated assessment; GAINS; particulate matter; premature mortality; air quality
Research Programs: Mitigation of Air Pollution (MAG)
Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Bibliographic Reference: Environmental Modelling & Software; 74:201-211 [December 2015] (Published online 8 April 2015)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:52
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 10:17
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11358

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