Towards a Catholic North America

Goujon A, Malenfant EC, & Skirbekk V (2015). Towards a Catholic North America. In: The Changing World Religion Map. Sacred Places, Identities, Practices and Politics. Eds. Brunn, Stanley D., pp. 1689-1709 Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-940179376-6 DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9376-6_89.

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Abstract

Religion and religiosity are important identity markers, and changes in a country's religious composition may affect its culture, value orientations and policies. In recent decades the Protestants in both the U.S. and Canada have lost their absolute population majority. We investigate the future of the religious composition in both the US ad Canada jointly to the 2060s taking into consideration changes due to demography, the level and composition of migration, fertility differentials and intergenerational religious transmissions. We use a multi-dimensional cohort-component model to project from the early 2000s the populations of Canada and the U.S. separately according to various scenarios. The joint focus on both the U.S. and Canada allows one to better understand the commonalities and differences between these two nations which are tightly knit in terms of geography, politics, economics and culture. The results of the projections are sensitive to two main determinants: secularization and migration in terms of level and composition. Fertility also plays a role particularly in combination with migration patterns. At present, Catholics increase their proportion through immigraton as the share of Catholics among migrants to the U.S. is larger than other religions and their fertility is higher than the U.S. resident population. The contrary is happening in Canada, and fertility differentials benefit Protestants and migration lowers the Catholic share. The projections reveal that North America should not become Catholic by mid-century but close to, with an increasing importance of minorities in the religious landscape.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: fertility; migration; multistate projections; religious composition; secularization; transmission of eligion; U.S. and Canada
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: In: Stanley D. Brunn (Ed.); The Changing World Religion Map. Sacred Places, Identities, Practices and Politics; Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands pp.1689-1709 [January 2015]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:53
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2016 14:19
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11568

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