The link between Structural Adjustment Programs, education discontinuities and stalled fertility in Africa

Lutz W, Goujon A, & KC S (2015). The link between Structural Adjustment Programs, education discontinuities and stalled fertility in Africa. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-15-007

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Abstract

Countries in Sub-African countries that are classified as having experienced stalled fertility declines after 2000 also experienced a discontinuity in the progress of educational improvement for cohorts of women that during the 1980 were in their primary school ages. While the proportion of young women without any formal education had been gradually declining over the previous decades the Structural Adjustment Programs of the early 1980s where associated with a stall or reversal of this improvement. After that in most countries the improving trend picked up again for the subsequent cohorts, but some cohorts of less educated women entered the prime childbearing ages around 2000. Given the strong fertility differentials by education in the countries concerned these education discontinuities provide a plausible explanation for the fertility stalls over the period. Since younger cohorts are again much better educated this also implies a likely end of the fertility stall.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:54
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2016 04:43
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11681

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