Potential effects of emission taxes on CO2 emissions in the OECD and LDCs

Messner S & Strubegger M (1991). Potential effects of emission taxes on CO2 emissions in the OECD and LDCs. Energy 16 (11-12): 1379-1395. DOI:10.1016/0360-5442(91)90008-A.

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Abstract

A set of existing optimization models, which represent the energy systems of the OECD and LDCs (less developed countries excluding centrally planned economies) with a time horizon to 2020, has been applied to derive first-order estimates of the techno-economic potential for emission reduction. The driving force for the introduction of reduction measures is a scheme of taxes levied on the emission of six pollutants, including the greenhouse gases CO2 and methane. The tax levels introduced are based on taxes discussed by the Swedish government: they are the break-even point to test which measures are cost-effective and which emission levels can be reached at these costs.
The regional models include the following alternatives:

1.(i) reduction of final energy demand by supplying the requested services by other means (i.e., conservation);
2.(ii) substitution of new fuels for polluting fuels;
3.(iii) introduction of clean technologies for the same purposes;
4.(iv) additions of pollution-reduction technologies.

Alternative scenarios with emission taxes are compared with a base scenario without taxes related to pollutant emissions. The results indicate that an increase in CO2 emissions in the OECD and LDC regions of 47% over the next 30 yr in the base scenario would be changed to stable levels to 2010 by tax-induced measures. Thereafter, energy-consumption growth in the LDCs reverses this trend.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2016 09:25
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 07:32
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12749

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