Introduction: vulnerability to climatic variations

Parry ML, Carter TR, & Konijn NT (1988). Introduction: vulnerability to climatic variations. In: The Impact of Climatic Variations on Agriculture. pp. 389-398 Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-94-009-2965-4 DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-2965-4_16.

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Abstract

Late in 1976, Ecuador entered a drought that was to last until 1980. Widely separated stations (Quito, Riobamba, Guayaquil — see Figure 1.1) recorded below-normal annual precipitation for all years between 1977 and 1980. According to some estimates (USDA FAS, 1977–1981), hard maize production declined by 16%, barley production by 62% and wheat production by 48% during this period. Effects of the drought were felt in almost every part of the country, with depressed output of feed and livestock as well as cereal crops (USDA FAS, 1981). The FAO World Food Program responded by increasing annual food aid from 947 metric tons in 1975 to 4859 mt in 1978 and 10430 mt in 1979 (PMA, n.d.). Food donations from the USA were also distributed through CARE and Catholic Relief Services -about 8400 mt in fiscal year 1979 alone (USDA FAS, 1979).

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Resources and Environment Area (REN)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 02 May 2016 12:39
Last Modified: 02 May 2016 12:39
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12991

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