The carbon bonus of organic nitrogen enhances nitrogen use efficiency of plants

Franklin O, Cambui CA, Gruffman L, Palmroth S, Oren R, & Näsholm T (2017). The carbon bonus of organic nitrogen enhances nitrogen use efficiency of plants. Plant, Cell & Environment 40 (1): 25-35. DOI:10.1111/pce.12772.

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Project: Effects of phosphorus limitations on Life, Earth system and Society (IMBALANCE-P, FP7 610028)

Abstract

The importance of organic nitrogen (N) for plant nutrition and productivity is increasingly being recognized. Here we show that it is not only the availability in the soil that matters, but also the effects on plant growth. The chemical form of N taken up, whether inorganic (such as nitrate) or organic (such as amino acids), may significantly influence plant shoot and root growth, and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). We analysed these effects by synthesizing results from multiple laboratory experiments on small seedlings (Arabidopsis, poplar, pine and spruce) based on a tractable plant growth model. A key point is that the carbon cost of assimilating organic N into proteins is lower than that of inorganic N, mainly due to its carbon content. This carbon bonus makes it more beneficial for plants to take up organic than inorganic N, even when its availability to the roots is much lower -up to 70% lower for Arabidopsis seedlings. At equal growth rate, root: shoot ratio was up to three times higher and nitrogen productivity up to 20% higher for organic than inorganic N, which both are factors that may contribute to higher NUE in crop production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: allocation; amino acids; ammonium; assimilation; growth model; nitrate; nitrogen source; plant theory
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 31 May 2016 07:39
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 13:46
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13270

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