Evolutionary branching under multi-dimensional evolutionary constraints

Ito H & Sasaki A (2016). Evolutionary branching under multi-dimensional evolutionary constraints. Journal of Theoretical Biology 407: 409-428. DOI:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.07.011.

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Abstract

The fitness of an existing phenotype and of a potential mutant should generally depend on the frequencies of other existing phenotypes. Adaptive evolution driven by such frequency-dependent fitness functions can be analyzed effectively using adaptive dynamics theory, assuming rare mutation and asexual reproduction. When possible mutations are restricted to certain directions due to developmental, physiological, or physical constraints, the resulting adaptive evolution may be restricted to subspaces (constraint surfaces) with fewer dimensionalities than the original trait spaces. To analyze such dynamics along constraint surfaces efficiently, we develop a Lagrange multiplier method in the framework of adaptive dynamics theory. On constraint surfaces of arbitrary dimensionalities described with equality constraints, our method efficiently finds local evolutionarily stable strategies, convergence stable points, and evolutionary branching points. We also derive the conditions for the existence of evolutionary branching points on constraint surfaces when the shapes of the surfaces can be chosen freely.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptive evolution; Ecological interaction; Frequency-dependent selection; Speciation; Evolutionary constraint; Lagrange multiplier method
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2017 12:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13550

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