Anthropogenic fugitive, combustion and industrial dust is a significant, underrepresented fine particulate matter source in global atmospheric models

Philip S, Martin R, Snider G, Weagle C, van Donkelaar A, Brauer M, Henze D, Klimont Z, et al. (2017). Anthropogenic fugitive, combustion and industrial dust is a significant, underrepresented fine particulate matter source in global atmospheric models. Environmental Research Letters 12 (4): 044018. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/aa65a4.

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Abstract

Global measurements of the elemental composition of fine particulate matter across several urban locations by the Surface Particulate Matter Network reveal an enhanced fraction of anthropogenic dust compared to natural dust sources, especially over Asia. We develop a global simulation of anthropogenic fugitive, combustion, and industrial dust which, to our knowledge, is partially missing or strongly underrepresented in global models. We estimate 2-16 μg/m3 increase in fine particulate mass concentration across East and South Asia by including anthropogenic fugitive, combustion, and industrial dust emissions. A simulation including anthropogenic fugitive, combustion, and industrial dust emissions increases the correlation from 0.06 to 0.66 of simulated fine dust in comparison with Surface Particulate Matter Network measurements at 13 globally dispersed locations, and reduces the low bias by 10% in total fine particulate mass in comparison with global in situ observations. Global population-weighted PM2.5 increases by 2.9 μg/m3 (10%). Our assessment ascertains the urgent need of including this underrepresented fine anthropogenic dust source into global bottom-up emission inventories and global models.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 09:34
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 08:45
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/14519

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