Doubling of World Population Unlikely

Lutz W, Sanderson WC, & Scherbov S (1997). Doubling of World Population Unlikely. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-97-010. Reprinted from Nature; 387(6635):803-805 (19 June 1997)

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Abstract

Most national and international agencies producing population projections explicitly avoid addressing the issue of uncertainty. Typically, they provide either a single projection or a set of low, medium, and high variants, and only very rarely do they give these projections a probabilistic interpretation. Probabilistic population projections have been developed for specific industrialized countries, mostly the United States, and are based largely on time-series analysis. On a global level, time-series analysis is not applicable because there is a lack of appropriate data, and for conceptual reasons such as the structural discontinuity caused by the demographic transition. Here we report on a new probabilistic approach that makes use of expert opinion on trends in fertility, and on the 90% uncertainty range of those trends in different parts of the world. We have used simulation techniques to derive probability distributions of population sizes and age structures for 13 regions of the world up to the year 2100. Among other things, there is a probability of two-thirds that the world's population will not double in the twenty-first century.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Research Report (Reprint))
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: Reprinted from Nature; 387(6635):803-805 (19 June 1997)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:09
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 07:12
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/5299

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