A Non-Linear Eight Level Tandem Model to Calculate the Future CO2 and C-14-Burden to the Atmosphere

Niehaus F (1976). A Non-Linear Eight Level Tandem Model to Calculate the Future CO2 and C-14-Burden to the Atmosphere. IIASA Research Memorandum. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RM-76-035

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Abstract

The combustion of fossil fuels leads to carbon dioxide emissions which may significantly disturb the global carbon cycle. This leads to a potential risk on account of the influence on the radiation balance of the earth. An eight-level tandem-model, based upon non-linear differential equations, was developed to simulate the possible effects of alternative strategies which might be used to meet future energy demands.

This tandem-model also calculates C-14-flows, therefore making it possible to simulate the Suess-effect and the influence of C-14-emissions from the nuclear power fuel cycle. The radiation exposure due to C-14 does not depend upon its absolute atmospheric concentration, but upon the C-12/C-14-isotope ratio; therefore, two effects are counteracting. The C-14-free C02-emissions of fossil fuel consumption dilute the relative concentration and lead to a decrease in radiation exposure.

Even based upon optimistic assumptions for the introduction of nuclear energy, an average global temperature increase of 1.8 degrees C is predicted by the end of the next century. The radiation dose due to C-14 would increase 2.4 mrem/yr above natural level. Assuming energy needs are met solely from fossil fuel, an average temperature increase of around 9 degrees C is estimated.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Research Memorandum)
Research Programs: Energy Program (ENP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:43
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 10:17
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/649

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