Competition and Predation in Simple Food Webs: Intermediately Strong Trade-offs Maximize Coexistence

HilleRisLambers R & Dieckmann U (2003). Competition and Predation in Simple Food Webs: Intermediately Strong Trade-offs Maximize Coexistence. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-03-069

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Abstract

Competition and predation are fundamental interactions structuring food webs. However, rather than following these neat theoretical categories, mixed interactions are ubiquitous in nature. Of particular importance are omnivorous species, such as intra-guild predators that can both compete with and predate on their prey. Here we examine trade-offs between competitive and predatory capacities by analyzing the entire continuum of food web configurations existing between purely predator-prey and purely competitive interactions of two consumers subsisting on a single resource. Our results show that the range of conditions allowing for coexistence of the consumers is maximized at intermediately strong trade-offs. Even though coexistence under weak trade-offs and under very strong trade-offs is also possible, it occurs under much more restrictive conditions. We explain these findings by an intricate interplay between energy acquisition and interaction strength.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:15
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2016 23:06
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7016

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