Adaptive Changes in Harvested Populations: Plasticity and Evolution of Age and Size at Maturation

Ernande B, Dieckmann U, & Heino M (2003). Adaptive Changes in Harvested Populations: Plasticity and Evolution of Age and Size at Maturation. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-03-058

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Abstract

We investigate harvest-induced adaptive changes in age and size at maturation by modeling both plastic variation and evolutionary trajectories. Harvesting mature individuals displaces the reaction norm for age and size at maturation toward older ages and larger sizes and rotates it clockwise, whereas harvesting immature individuals has the reverse qualitative effect. If both immature and mature individuals are harvested, the net effect has generally the same trend as when harvesting immature individuals only. This stems from the sensitivity of the evolutionary response that depends on the maturity state of harvested individuals, but also on the type of harvest mortality (negatively or positively density-dependent, density-independent) and the value of three life history parameters (natural mortality, growth rate, and the trade-off between growth and reproduction). Evolutionary changes in the maturation reaction norm have strong repercussions for the mean size and the density of the harvested individuals that, in most cases, result in the reduction of biomass - a response that population dynamical models would overlook. These results highlight the importance of accounting for evolutionary trends in the long-term management of exploited living resources and give qualitative insights as how to minimize detrimental consequences of harvest-induced evolutionary changes in maturation reaction norms.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Age and size at maturation; Evolution; Exploited populations; Harvesting; Phenotypic plasticity
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:15
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2016 12:59
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7026

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