Plasticity in resource allocation based life history traits in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. I. Spatial variation in food abundance

Ernande B, Boudry P, Clobert J, & Haure J (2004). Plasticity in resource allocation based life history traits in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. I. Spatial variation in food abundance. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17 (2): 342-356. DOI:10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00674.x.

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Abstract

We investigated the quantitative genetics of plasticity in resource allocation between survival, growth and reproductive effort in Crassostrea gigas when food abundance varies spatially. Resource allocation shifted from survival to growth and reproductive effort as food abundance increased. An optimality model suggests that this plastic shift may be adaptive. Reproductive effort plasticity and mean survival were highly heritable, whereas for growth, both mean and plasticity had low heritability. The genetic correlations between reproductive effort and both survival and growth were negative in poor treatments, suggesting trade-offs, but positive in rich ones. These sign reversals may reflect genetic variability in resource acquisition, which would only be expressed when food is abundant. Finally, we found positive genetic correlations between reproductive effort plasticity and both growth and survival means. The latter may reflect adaptation of C. gigas to differential sensitivity of fitness to survival, such that genetic variability in survival mean might support genetic variability in reproductive effort plasticity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetic correlations; Growth; Marine bivalves; Phenotypic plasticity; Quantitative genetics; Reproductive effort; Resource allocation; Spatial heterogeneity; Survival; Trade-offs
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:16
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2016 13:50
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7106

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