Office Parks, Accessibility and Location Policy. An Analysis of the Dutch Case

Sacli F (2004). Office Parks, Accessibility and Location Policy. An Analysis of the Dutch Case. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-020

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Abstract

Road-transport is an important source of congestion in the cities. Office parks, which are recognized with their high intensity of labour and visitors, contribute to road-based commuter and business transport. Consequently, their accessibility by environmentally friendly means of transport is crucial for the environment and economy. The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of location policy in The Netherlands in determining the extent of office parks accessibility by environmentally friendly means of transport.

Initially, leading location policy principles relevant for the accessibility of office parks are examined. Selected policy principles coincide with each other in their explicitly or implicitly stated underlying goal: preventing suburbanisation. Secondly, implementation of these principles are analyzed in the light of four selected criteria: Land use change; urban versus rural areas; inner city versus peripheral locations; and presence of parking policy. Common to these criteria is that they provide insight for the spatial distribution of office parks and use of public transport as environmentally friendly alternative.

Results indicate initially that land use change is being experienced in favour of more urbanization. The second result is that majority of the office parks are found to be located in the urban areas in The Netherlands. Thirdly, distribution of the office parks within the urban areas displays a nearly equal representation between the inner city and peripheral locations. However, this trend is expected to change at the expense of inner city office parks. And finally, presence of parking policy does not always provide sufficient results for improving accessibility. Combination of these results leads one to conclude that demand for accessibility by car, which is a strong location factor in the eyes of office based companies, is dealt with a (rather) flexible approach by the governmental organisations. In that, national policy goal of keeping the economic vitality and competitiveness of the regions and cities plays a determinant role.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Modeling Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes (LUC)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:17
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2016 15:57
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7426

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