Evaluating Global Warming Potentials with Historical Temperature: an Application of ACC2 Inversion

Tanaka K, Tol RSJ, O'Neill BC, Rokityanskiy D, & Obersteiner M (2007). Evaluating Global Warming Potentials with Historical Temperature: an Application of ACC2 Inversion. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-07-035

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Abstract

Global Warming Potentials (GWPs) are evaluated as historical temperature proxies by applying them to convert historical CH4 and N2O emissions to equivalent CO2 emissions. Our GWP analysis is based on the inverse estimation for the Aggregated Carbon Cycle, Atmospheric Cycle, and Climate Model (ACC2). It was found that, for both CH4 and N2O, indices higher than the Kyoto GWPs (100-year time horizon) would reproduce better the historical temperature. The CH4 GWP provides a best fit to the historical temperature with the time horizon of 44 years. However, the N2O GWP does not approximate the historical temperature with any time horizon. We introduce a new exchange metric, TEMperature Proxy index (TEMP) that is defined so that it provides a best fit to the temperature projection of a given period. By comparing the GWPs and TEMPs, we found that the inability of the N2O GWP to reproduce the historical temperature is caused by the fact that the GWP calculation methodology in IPCC gives coarse treatments to the background system dynamics and uncertain parameter estimations. Furthermore, our TEMP calculations demonstrate that indices have to be progressively updated upon the acquisition of new measurements and/or the advancement of our understanding on the Earth system processes.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Population and Climate Change (PCC)
Postdoctoral Scholars (PDS)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:40
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2016 12:15
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8422

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