Effectiveness of forest management strategies to mitigate effects of global change in south-central Siberia

Gustafson EJ, Shvidenko AZ, & Scheller RM (2011). Effectiveness of forest management strategies to mitigate effects of global change in south-central Siberia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41 (7): 1405-1421. DOI:10.1139/x11-065.

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Abstract

We investigated questions about the ability of broad silvicultural strategies to achieve multiple objectives (reduce disturbance losses, maintain the abundance of preferred species, mitigate fragmentation and loss of age-class diversity, and sequester aboveground carbon) under future climate conditions in Siberia. We conducted a factorial experiment using the LANDIS-II landscape disturbance and succession model. Treatments included varying the size and amount of areas cut and the cutting method (selective or clearcut). Simultaneously, the model simulated natural disturbances (fire, wind, insect outbreaks) and forest succession under projected future climate conditions as predicted by an ensemble of global circulation models. The cutting method and cutting rate treatments generally had a large effect on species and age-class composition, residual living biomass, and susceptibility to disturbance, whereas cutblock size had no effect. Cutblock size affected only measures of fragmentation, but cutting method and cutting rate often had an even greater effect. Based on the results, we simulated a "recommended" strategy and compared it with the current forest management practice. The recommended strategy resulted in greater forest biomass, increased abundance of favored species, and reduced fragmentation, but it did not significantly reduce losses by disturbance. No single strategy appears able to achieve all possible forest management objectives.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cutting rate; Factorial experiment; Forest biomass; Forest management practices; Forest succession; Future climate; Global change; Global circulation model; Insect outbreaks; Landscape disturbance; Multiple objectives; Natural disturbance; SIBERIA; Sivicultural strategies; Succession model
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Canadian Journal of Forest Research; 41(7):1405-1421 (July 2011) (Published online 5 July 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2016 13:30
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9570

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