Natural disaster risk in Asian megacities: A case for risk pooling?

Hochrainer-Stigler S & Mechler R (2011). Natural disaster risk in Asian megacities: A case for risk pooling? Cities 28 (1): 53-61. DOI:10.1016/j.cities.2010.09.001.

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Abstract

This paper examines the characteristics of natural disaster risk in the context of megacities generally, and Asian megacities particularly. A key gap in approaches to managing megacity risk has been attention to the financial aspects, for which interest has lately been emerging in terms of exploring whether such risk may be suitable for a donor-assisted regional Asian risk pooling scheme. One suggestion concerns insuring public sector liabilities in terms of infrastructure replacement funding, liquidity support and relief to the population. Recently, this was operationalized in the Caribbean regional pooling of hurricane and earthquake risks, and by the Mexican government for earthquake risks. In both cases, central governments are the actors. We assess the rationale and applicability of such deliberations given the dynamic nature of vulnerability and risk, and discuss conditions for conducting similar transactions for Asian megacity risks. Overall, given our adopted criteria, we tentatively conclude that there may indeed be a case for risk pooling, yet the dynamics of assessing formal and informal risks as well as the specificity of conditions in respective megacities pose important hurdles that have to be overcome.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Megacities; Natural disaster risk; Risk management; Risk pooling; Risk financing
Research Programs: Risk, Policy and Vulnerability (RPV)
Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Bibliographic Reference: Cities; 28(1):53-61 (February 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 10:16
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9653

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