Risk-driven migration and the collective-risk social dilemma

Chen X, Szolnoki A, & Perc M (2012). Risk-driven migration and the collective-risk social dilemma. Physical Review E 86 (3) DOI:10.1103/PhysRevE.86.036101.

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Abstract

A collective-risk social dilemma implies that personal endowments will be lost if contributions to the common pool within a group are too small. Failure to reach the collective target thus has dire consequences for all group members, independently of their strategies. Wanting to move away from unfavorable locations is therefore anything but surprising. Inspired by these observations, we here propose and study a collective-risk social dilemma where players are allowed to move if the collective failure becomes too probable. More precisely, this so-called risk-driven migration is launched depending on the difference between the actual contributions and the declared target. Mobility therefore becomes an inherent property that is utilized in an entirely self-organizing manner. We show that under these assumptions cooperation is promoted much more effectively than under the action of manually determined migration rates. For the latter, we in fact identify parameter regions where the evolution of cooperation is greatly inhibited. Moreover, we find unexpected spatial patterns where cooperators that do not form compact clusters outperform those that do, and where defectors are able to utilize strikingly different ways of invasion. The presented results support the recently revealed importance of percolation for the successful evolution of public cooperation, while at the same time revealing surprisingly simple methods of self-organization towards socially desirable states.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evolution of cooperation; Group members; Migration rates; Parameter regions; Self organizing; SIMPLE method; Social dilemmas; Spatial patterns
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Postdoctoral Scholars (PDS)
Bibliographic Reference: Physical Review E; 86(3):036101 (7 September 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2016 12:55
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9869

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