sustainability-04-00656.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (528kB) | Preview
There is very little elaboration in literature of the phrase "equitable access to sustainable development" that is referenced in the Cancun Agreement on climate change. We interpret this at a minimum as people's right to a decent living standard, which gives rise to claims by countries to an exemption from mitigation for the energy and emissions needed to provide a decent life to all. We elaborate a conceptual framework for a comprehensive quantification of such an energy requirement, including the energy required to build out infrastructure to support these living standards. We interpret decent living as the consumption by households of a set of basic goods including adequate nutrition, shelter, health care, education, transport, refrigeration, television and mobile phones. We develop universal indicators for these activities and their infrastructure requirements, and specify a methodology to convert these to energy requirements using energy input-output analysis. Our main recommendations include estimating bottom-up, country-specific energy and emissions requirements, incorporating a minimum for methane emissions, and using international benchmarks at the sector level to encourage the reduction of countries' energy and emissions intensity.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Climate change; Equity; Energy; Sustainable development; Human rights; Basic needs|
|Research Programs:||Energy (ENE)
Postdoctoral Scholars (PDS)
|Bibliographic Reference:||Sustainability; 4(4):656-681 (April 2012)|
|Depositing User:||IIASA Import|
|Date Deposited:||15 Jan 2016 08:46|
|Last Modified:||01 Mar 2016 13:32|
Actions (login required)