What do we mean by school entry age? Conceptual ambiguity and its implications: the example of Indonesia

Barakat, B. & Bengtsson, S. (2018). What do we mean by school entry age? Conceptual ambiguity and its implications: the example of Indonesia. Comparative Education 54 (2) 203-224. 10.1080/03050068.2017.1360564.

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The age pattern of school entry reflects a complex social and empirical reality that is inadequately captured by a single number. Recognising these complexities in national and international research and policy discourse raises important but neglected questions around the identification of vulnerable groups, the relative value of pre-primary and primary education, as well as the normative powers and responsibilities of governments vis-à-vis parents, and the international educational community vis-à-vis both. This is illustrated by the example of Indonesia, where the official age norm for primary school entry is widely disregarded in practice, with a majority of children starting school one or even two years earlier. Crucially, it is the compliant children entering at the statutory age who tend to be from more disadvantaged households, and enjoy no benefit in educational outcomes from their greater maturity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: School entry, entry age, Out-Of-School Children, indicators, Indonesia
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2017 06:11
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:29
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/14854

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