Associations of Grip Strength and Change in Grip Strength With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in a European Older Population

Prasitsiriphon O & Pothisiri W (2018). Associations of Grip Strength and Change in Grip Strength With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in a European Older Population. Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology 12: 1-10. DOI:10.1177/1179546818771894.

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Abstract

Objective:

(1) To examine the associations between 3 measures of grip strength: static grip strength, change in grip strength, and the combination of grip strength and its change, with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and (2) to determine which measure is the most powerful predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among the European older population.

Method:

Data come from the first 4 waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). A Cox proportional hazard model and a competing risk regression model were used to assess the associations. To determine the best predictor, Akaike information criterion was applied.

Results:

Grip strength and the combination of grip strength and its change were associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Change in grip strength was correlated with only all-cause mortality. Among the 3 measures, the static measure of grip strength was the best predictor of cardiovascular mortality whereas the combined measure is that of all-cause mortality.

Discussion:

Grip strength is a significant indicator of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The combination of grip strength and its change can be used to increase the accuracy for prediction of all-cause mortality among older persons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grip strength, mortality, cardiovascular, older adults
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 14 May 2018 08:48
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 06:56
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15265

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