Mapping global extraction of abiotic and biotic raw materials

Maus V, Giljum S, Bruckner M, Lutter S, Lieber M, Luckeneder S, & Wieland H (2018). Mapping global extraction of abiotic and biotic raw materials. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018, 9-13 April 2018, Vienna, Austria.

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Abstract

Reducing global environmental and social impacts related to final consumption is a significant societal as well
as scientific challenge, especially as production and consumption are increasingly geographically disconnected
via complex supply chains. Tracing the interlinkages between consumption and production as well as related
impacts in a spatially explicit way can contribute to overcoming this challenge. Currently, the spatial resolution
of global models of raw material extraction, trade and consumption is limited to the national level. Thus, they
fail to link specific supply chains to the actual geographical location of production and related impacts. Detailed
global spatiotemporal datasets would allow tracing the heterogeneity of environmental and social conditions within
producing countries. In this contribution, we present our preliminary results mapping global biotic and abiotic
raw materials extraction in 5-arc-minutes (around 10 km x 10 km at the equator) grid cell level, starting from
the year 2000. Our datasets will include around 60 different raw materials, covering crops, fishery, fossil energy
resources, metal ores and non-metallic minerals. In the future, our database will also include spatially explicit data
on environmental and social impacts related to the extraction of these raw materials. The new database, methods,
and algorithms will be openly available to the research community and the wider public, supporting open and
reproducible science. Our novel database will allow developing new methods to assess the interlinkages between
consumption and various environmental and social impacts related to extraction on a grid cell level. It can boost
the spatially explicit assessments of supply chains and consumption patterns in both developed and developing
countries, which is crucial for the design of international policy instruments to achieve sustainable production and
consumption patterns.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 13:08
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 13:08
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15267

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