Flood Proofing Low-Income Houses in India: an Application of Climate-Sensitive Probabilistic Benefit-Cost Analysis

Hochrainer-Stigler S, Linnerooth-Bayer J, & Mochizuki J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1000-4251 (2018). Flood Proofing Low-Income Houses in India: an Application of Climate-Sensitive Probabilistic Benefit-Cost Analysis. Economics of Disasters and Climate Change 3 (1): 23-38. DOI:10.1007/s41885-018-0032-7.

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Abstract

Poor communities in high risk areas are disproportionately affected by disasters compared to their wealthy counterparts; yet, there are few analyses to guide public decisions on pro-poor investments in disaster risk reduction. This paper illustrates an application of benefit-cost analysis (BCA) for assessing investments in structural flood proofing of low-income, high-risk houses. The analysis takes account of climate change, which is increasingly viewed as an important consideration for assessing long-term investments. Specifically, the study focuses on the Rohini river basin of India and evaluates options for constructing non-permanent and permanent residential structures on a raised plinth to protect them against flooding. The estimates show a positive benefit-cost ratio for building new houses on a raised plinth, while the ratio is less than one for demolishing existing houses to rebuild on a raised plinth. Climate change is found to significantly affect the BCA results. From a policy perspective, the analysis demonstrates the potential economic returns of raised plinths for ‘building back better’ after disasters, or as a part of good housing design practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Probabilistic cost benefit analysis; Flood risk; Climate change; Building back better; Low-income housing; India
Research Programs: Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 06:53
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 11:37
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15303

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