Heterogeneity in local density allows a positive evolutionary relationship between self-fertilisation and dispersal

Rodger J, Landi P, & Hui C (2018). Heterogeneity in local density allows a positive evolutionary relationship between self-fertilisation and dispersal. Evolution 72 (9): 1784-1800. DOI:10.1111/evo.13562.

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Abstract

Despite empirical evidence for a positive relationship between dispersal and self-fertilisation (selfing), theoretical work predicts that these traits should always be negatively correlated, and the Good Coloniser Syndrome of high dispersal and selfing (Cf. Baker's Law) should not evolve. Critically, previous work assumes that adult density is spatiotemporally homogeneous, so selfing results in identical offspring production for all patches, eliminating the benefit of dispersal for escaping from local resource competition. We investigate the joint evolution of dispersal and selfing in a demographically structured metapopulation model where local density is spatiotemporally heterogeneous due to extinction-recolonisation dynamics. Selfing alleviates outcrossing failure due to low local density (an Allee Effect) while dispersal alleviates competition through dispersal of propagules from high- to low-density patches. Because local density is spatiotemporally heterogenous in our model, selfing does not eliminate heterogeneity in competition, so dispersal remains beneficial even under full selfing. Hence the Good Coloniser Syndrome is evolutionarily stable under a broad range of conditions, and both negative and positive relationships between dispersal and selfing are possible, depending on the environment. Our model thus accommodates positive empirical relationships between dispersal and selfing not predicted by previous theoretical work and provides additional explanations for negative relationships.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptive dynamics; Allee Effects; Baker's Law; dispersal; mating system; self-fertilisation
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2019 03:00
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15386

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