Land Cover and Land Use Change-Driven Dynamics of Soil Organic Carbon in North-East Slovakian Croplands and Grasslands Between 1970 and 2013

Skalsky R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0983-6897, Koco Š, Barančíková G, Tarasovičová Z, Halas J, Koleda P, Makovníková J, Gutteková M, et al. (2020). Land Cover and Land Use Change-Driven Dynamics of Soil Organic Carbon in North-East Slovakian Croplands and Grasslands Between 1970 and 2013. Ekológia 39 (2): 159 - 173. DOI:10.2478/eko-2020-0012.

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Abstract

Soil organic carbon (SOC) in agricultural land forms part of the global terrestrial carbon cycle and it
affects atmospheric carbon dioxide balance. SOC is sensitive to local agricultural management practices
that sum up into regional SOC storage dynamics. Understanding regional carbon emission and sequestration
trends is, therefore, important in formulating and implementing climate change adaptation and
mitigation policies. In this study, the estimation of SOC stock and regional storage dynamics in the Ondavská
Vrchovina region (North-Eastern Slovakia) cropland and grassland topsoil between 1970 and 2013
was performed with the RothC model and gridded spatial data on weather, initial SOC stock and historical
land cover and land use changes. Initial SOC stock in the 0.3-m topsoil layer was estimated at 38.4 t
ha−1 in 1970. The 2013 simulated value was 49.2 t ha−1, and the 1993–2013 simulated SOC stock values
were within the measured data range. The total SOC storage in the study area, cropland and grassland
areas, was 4.21 Mt in 1970 and 5.16 Mt in 2013, and this 0.95 Mt net SOC gain was attributed to interconversions
of cropland and grassland areas between 1970 and 2013, which caused different organic carbon
inputs to the soil during the simulation period with a strong effect on SOC stock temporal dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil organic carbon stock, regional soil organic carbon storage, soil organic carbon modelling, RothC, legacy soil data.
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 07:25
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 07:25
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16524

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