Data-driven estimates of global nitrous oxide emissions from croplands

Tao S, Piao S, Canadell JG, Cui X, Tian H, Janssens-Maenhout G, Tubiello FN, Jackson RB, et al. (2020). Data-driven estimates of global nitrous oxide emissions from croplands. National Science Review 7 (2): 441-452. DOI:10.1093/nsr/nwz087.

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Abstract

Croplands are the single largest anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O) globally, yet their estimates remain difficult to verify when using Tier 1 and 3 methods of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Here, we re-evaluate global cropland-N2O emissions in 1961–2014, using N-rate-dependent emission factors (EFs) upscaled from 1206 field observations in 180 global distributed sites and high-resolution N inputs disaggregated from sub-national surveys covering 15593 administrative units. Our results confirm IPCC Tier 1 default EFs for upland crops in 1990–2014, but give a ∼15% lower EF in 1961–1989 and a ∼67% larger EF for paddy rice over the full period. Associated emissions (0.82 ± 0.34 Tg N yr–1) are probably one-quarter lower than IPCC Tier 1 global inventories but close to Tier 3 estimates. The use of survey-based gridded N-input data contributes 58% of this emission reduction, the rest being explained by the use of observation-based non-linear EFs. We conclude that upscaling N2O emissions from site-level observations to global croplands provides a new benchmark for constraining IPCC Tier 1 and 3 methods. The detailed spatial distribution of emission data is expected to inform advancement towards more realistic and effective mitigation pathways.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nitrous Oxide Production; Nitrification Inhibitor; Soil Emission
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2020 15:22
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2020 15:29
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16578

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