Spatial Planning Needed to Drastically Reduce Nitrogen and Phosphorus Surpluses in China’s Agriculture

Jin X, Bai Z, Oenema O, Winiwarter W ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7131-1496, Velthof G, Chen X, & Ma L (2020). Spatial Planning Needed to Drastically Reduce Nitrogen and Phosphorus Surpluses in China’s Agriculture. Environmental Science & Technology 54 (19): 11894-11904. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.0c00781.

[img] Text
Spatial paper EST final submission.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 26 October 2021.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

China's fertilization practices contribute greatly to the global biogeochemical nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) flows, which have exceeded the safe-operating space. Here, we quantified the potentials of improved nutrient management in the food chain and spatial planning of livestock farms on nutrient use efficiency and losses in China, using a nutrient flow model and detailed information on >2300 counties. Annual fertilizer use could be reduced by 26 Tg N and 6.4 Tg P following improved nutrient management. This reduction N and P fertilizer use would contribute 30% and 80% of the required global reduction, needed to keep the biogeochemical N and P flows within the planetary boundary. However, there are various barriers to make this happen. A major barrier is the transportation cost due to the uneven distributions of crop land, livestock, and people within the country. The amounts of N and P in wastes and residues are larger than the N and P demand of the crops grown in 30% and 50% of the counties, respectively. We argue that a drastic increase in the recycling and utilization of N and P from wastes and residues can only happen following relocation of livestock farms to areas with sufficient cropland.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food,Soils,Wastes,Livestock,Crops
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 08:35
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 07:44
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16808

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313