Global bioenergy with carbon capture and storage potential is largely constrained by sustainable irrigation

Ai, Z., Hanasaki, N., Heck, V., Hasegawa, T., & Fujimori, S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7897-1796 (2021). Global bioenergy with carbon capture and storage potential is largely constrained by sustainable irrigation. Nature Sustainability 10.1038/s41893-021-00740-4. (In Press)

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Abstract

Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is crucial in many stringent climate scenarios. Although irrigation can enhance BECCS potential, where and to what extent it can enhance global BECCS potential are unknown when constrained by preventing additional water stress and suppressing withdrawal of nonrenewable water resources. With a spatially explicit representation of bioenergy crop plantations and water cycle in an internally consistent model framework, we identified the irrigable bioenergy cropland on the basis of the water resources reserve. Irrigation of such cropland enhanced BECCS potential by only 5–6% (<60–71% for unconstrained irrigation) above the rain-fed potential (0.82–1.99 Gt C yr−1) by the end of this century. Nonetheless, it limited additional water withdrawal (166–298 km3 yr−1), especially from nonrenewable water sources (16–20%), compared with unconstrained irrigation (1,392–3,929 km3 yr−1 and 73–78%). Our findings highlight the importance of irrigation constraints in global BECCS potential.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Sustainable Service Systems (S3)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Transformative Institutional and Social Solutions (TISS)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 09:35
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:35
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17324

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