Energy self-sufficiency and greenhouse gas emission reductions in Latin American dairy farms through massive implementation of biogas-based solutions

Villarroel-Schneider, J., Höglund-Isaksson, L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7514-3135, Mainali, B., Martí-Herrero, J., Cardozo, E., Malmquist, A., & Martin, A. (2022). Energy self-sufficiency and greenhouse gas emission reductions in Latin American dairy farms through massive implementation of biogas-based solutions. Energy Conversion and Management 261 e115670. 10.1016/j.enconman.2022.115670.

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Abstract

The transition towards sustainable economies with improved resource efficiency is today’s challenge for all productive sectors. The dairy sector in Latin America is growing without considering a clear path for sustainable energy and waste management solutions. This study proposes integrated solutions through a waste-to-energy approach. The solutions consider biogas production (via cow manure) as the main energy conversion pathway; technology solutions include biodigesters, power generators, and combined heat and power systems that supply not only the energy services demanded by dairy farms (for cooking gas, electricity, refrigeration and hot water) but also provide organic fertilizers. Biogas’ potential was estimated to verify whether it can cover the energy demands of the farms, while the levelized costs of producing biogas and electricity were the indicators for the techno-economic evaluation of the solutions. Greenhouse gas emission reductions were estimated by following IPCC guidelines. Specifically, the proposed solutions lead to energy self-sufficiency in most dairy farms with relevant biogas and electricity costs in the range of 1.7–3.7 and 6–12 USD cents/kWh, respectively. In addition, implementing the proposed solutions in Latin American dairy farms would allow annual greenhouse gas emission reductions of 32.8 Mton CO2 eq. with an additional 17 Mton if widespread use of the supplied organic fertilizers is achieved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas-based solution; Dairy farms; Energy self-sufficiency; GHG emission reduction; Latin America; Waste-to-energy
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Pollution Management (PM)
Young Scientists Summer Program (YSSP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 12 May 2022 07:33
Last Modified: 12 May 2022 07:33
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/18000

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