Complex Adaptive Systems and the Evolution of Reciprocation

Sigmund K (1998). Complex Adaptive Systems and the Evolution of Reciprocation. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-98-100


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Complex adaptive systems play a major role in the theory of reciprocal altruism. Starting with Axelrod's celebrated computer tournaments, a wide variety of computer simulations show that cooperation can evolve in populations of selfish agents, both with direct and indirect reciprocation.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reciprocal altruism; Evolutionary games; Prisoner's Dilemma game; Evolution of cooperation
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:10
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2016 02:12

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