Factors Associated with the Finnish Fertility Decline Since 1776

Lutz, W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7975-8145 (1987). Factors Associated with the Finnish Fertility Decline Since 1776. Population Studies 41 (3) 463-482. 10.1080/0032472031000143006.

Full text not available from this repository.


The analysis of annual age-specific fertility rates in Finland over more than 200 years reveals the existence of a significant early fertility decline at the end of the eighteenth century preceding the secular decline that started around 1910. A reconstruction of age-specific proportions married by a simulation model based on Coale’s marriage model indicates that the mean age at marriage increased and the proportion ever-marrying decreased substantially during the period of the early fertility decline. A modification of the index of family limitation applied under certain assumptions to overall fertility rates also indicates that fertility was essentially natural until 1910. Cross-lagged correlation analysis shows that infant mortality does not influence subsequent fertility in the pre-modern period. Finally, a number of socio-economic indicators are related to fertility, and conclusions are drawn from the Finnish case about several hypotheses in the field of demographic transition.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2016 09:35
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2023 05:01
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13633

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item