Understanding frequency distributions of path-dependent processes with non-multinomial maximum entropy approaches

Hanel, R., Corominas-Murtra, B., & Thurner, S. (2017). Understanding frequency distributions of path-dependent processes with non-multinomial maximum entropy approaches. New Journal of Physics 19 (3) e033008. 10.1088/1367-2630/aa611d.

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Project: multi-LAyer SpAtiotemporal Generalized NEtworks (LASAGNE, FP7 318132), Foundational Research on MULTIlevel comPLEX networks and systems (MULTIPLEX, FP7 317532)


Path-dependent stochastic processes are often non-ergodic and observables can no longer be computed within the ensemble picture. The resulting mathematical difficulties pose severe limits to the analytical understanding of path-dependent processes. Their statistics is typically non-multinomial in the sense that the multiplicities of the occurrence of states is not a multinomial factor. The maximum entropy principle is tightly related to multinomial processes, non-interacting systems, and to the ensemble picture; it loses its meaning for path-dependent processes. Here we show that an equivalent to the ensemble picture exists for path-dependent processes, such that the non-multinomial statistics of the underlying dynamical process, by construction, is captured correctly in a functional that plays the role of a relative entropy. We demonstrate this for self-reinforcing Pólya urn processes, which explicitly generalize multinomial statistics. We demonstrate the adequacy of this constructive approach towards non-multinomial entropies by computing frequency and rank distributions of Pólya urn processes. We show how microscopic update rules of a path-dependent process allow us to explicitly construct a non-multinomial entropy functional, that, when maximized, predicts the time-dependent distribution function.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Advanced Systems Analysis (ASA)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2017 07:04
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:41
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/14521

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