Comparison and evaluation of anthropogenic emissions of SO2 and NO2 over China

Li, M., Klimont, Z. ORCID:, Zhang, Q., Martin, R.V., Zheng, B., Heyes, C. ORCID:, Cofala, J., Zhang, Y., et al. (2018). Comparison and evaluation of anthropogenic emissions of SO2 and NO2 over China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18 3343-3456. 10.5194/acp-18-3433-2018.

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Bottom-up emission inventories provide primary understanding of sources of air pollution and essential input of chemical transport models. Focusing on SO2 and NOx, we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of two widely-used anthropogenic emission inventories over China, ECLIPSE and MIX, to explore the potential sources of uncertainties and find the clues in improving emission inventories. We first compared the activity rates and emission factors used in two inventories, and investigated the reasons of differences and the impacts on emission estimates. We found that SO2 emission estimates are consistent between two inventories (with 1 % differences), while NOx emissions in ECLIPSE's estimates are 16 % lower than those of MIX. Discrepancies at sectorial and provincial level are much higher. We then examined the impacts of different inventories on model performance, by using the nested GEOS-Chem model. We finally derived top-down NOx emissions by using the NO2 columns from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and compared with the bottom-up estimates. To our knowledge, this is the first work where source-sector comparisons are made along with the remote sensing retrievals and chemical transport modeling. Through the comparison between bottom-up emission inventories and evaluation with top-down information, we summarized the potential directions for further improvement in inventory development.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Mitigation of Air Pollution (MAG)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 12:24
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:29

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