A continental-scale hydro-economic model for integrating water-energy-land nexus solutions

Kahil T, Parkinson S, Satoh Y, Greve P, Burek P ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6390-8487, Veldkamp T, Burtscher R, Byers E ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0349-5742, et al. (2018). A continental-scale hydro-economic model for integrating water-energy-land nexus solutions. Water Resources Research DOI:10.1029/2017WR022478.

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Abstract

This study presents the development of a new bottom‐up large‐scale hydro‐economic model, Extended Continental‐scale Hydro‐economic Optimization (ECHO), that works at a sub‐basin scale over a continent. The strength of ECHO stems from the integration of a detailed representation of local hydrological and technological constraints with regional and global policies, while accounting for the feedbacks between water, energy and agricultural sectors. In this study, ECHO has been applied over Africa as a case study with the aim of demonstrating the benefits of this integrated hydro‐economic modeling framework. Results of this framework are overall consistent with previous findings evaluating the cost of water supply and adaptation to global changes in Africa. Moreover, results provide critical assessments of future investment needs in both supply and demand side water management options, economic implications of contrasting future socio‐economic and climate change scenarios, and the potential tradeoffs among economic and environmental objectives. Overall, this study demonstrates the capacity of ECHO to address challenging research questions examining the sustainability of water supply, and the impacts of water management on energy and food sectors and vice versa. As such, we propose ECHO as useful tool for water‐related scenario analysis and management options evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydro-economic model; large-scale modeling; scenario analysis; water management options; economic cost; water-energy-land nexus
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Water (WAT)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 08:59
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2019 09:20
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15478

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