Optimal carbon pricing in general equilibrium: Temperature caps and stranded assets in an extended annual DSGE model

van der Ploeg, F. & Rezai, A. (2021). Optimal carbon pricing in general equilibrium: Temperature caps and stranded assets in an extended annual DSGE model. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 110 e102522. 10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102522.

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Abstract

The general equilibrium model developed by Golosov et al. (2014), GHKT for short, is modified to allow for additional negative impacts of global warming on utility and productivity growth, mean reversion in the ratio of climate damages to production, labour-augmenting technical progress, and population growth. We also replace the GHKT assumption of full depreciation of capital each decade by annual logarithmic depreciation. Furthermore, we allow the government to use a lower discount rate than the private sector. We derive a tractable rule for the optimal carbon price for each of these extensions. We then simplify the GHKT model by making temperature a linear function of cumulative emissions and making the proportion of output lost due to global warming a linear function of temperature. Finally, we consider how the rule for the optimal carbon price must be modified to allow for a temperature cap, and what this implies for stranded oil and gas reserves. We illustrate our analytical results with a range of optimal policy simulations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon price; Differential discount rates; General equilibrium; Logarithmic depreciation; Population growth; Stranded oil and gas reserves; Technical progress; Temperature cap; Tractable rule; Utility and growth damages
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Systemic Rick and Resilience (SYRR)
Population and Just Societies (POPJUS)
Population and Just Societies (POPJUS) > Equity and Justice (EQU)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 10:09
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 10:09
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17421

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